Gender Confirmation Surgery: An Update for the Primary Care Provider

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Owner: LeahsAbba

Version: 1.0

Last Updated: 06-Apr-2018 15:55



The terms gender dysphoria and gender incongruence
describe a heterogeneous group of individuals who express
dissatisfaction with their anatomic gender and
the wish to have the secondary sexual characteristics
of the opposite sex.1 While not all transgender individuals
suffer gender dysphoria, many do. In recent years,
there have been significant advances in the understanding,
management, and care of transgender persons.
These developments encompass psychological, medical,
and surgical approaches to therapy to help alleviate
gender dysphoria. In addition, social and political
changes over the past 35 years have brought more attention
to this underserved and diverse population. In
fact, in 2010, the World Professional Association for
Transgender Health (WPATH) released a statement
recommending the de-psycho-pathologization of gender
nonconformity, stating that the expression of gender
characteristics, including identities, which are not
stereotypically associated with one’s assigned sex at
birth, is a common and culturally diverse human phenomenon
that should not be judged as inherently pathological
or negative.

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